Water is an important need in human life and it has to safe for consumption. Living off the grid requires that the people do not rely on public water for livelihood. This demands that other sources need to be developed, especially when it comes to the off the grid water systems. In this case, the water sources are natural, thus ensuring a constant supply of water to the involved communities. The most challenging thing about off the grid water is that it is difficult to determine if the water is contaminated or not. This is because legal rules and checks do not cover off the grid water systems.
How off the grid water systems work
Drilling a well is the most common approach for people living off the grid. Nowadays, people are opting for the modern wells, which are dug deep down. This is an assurance that the water will not be polluted as opposed to the traditional shallow wells. A pump will be used to draw the water from the well and supply it to the rest of the home. However, one has to acquire a license in order to drill the well. This will ensure that the well is installed properly to avoid harmful contamination. Generally, the deeper the well, the more likely that the water will be very clean. For further safety of the water, it is advisable to install a filter.
Rainwater is also fit for consumption. In this case, a cistern will be used to collect the water. It can either be above ground or underground. Gutters around the home will be used to collect the rainwater into a cistern, which will then be pumped to the house. The cistern can be made of concrete, fiberglass or steel. If the cistern is underground, then a pump will be needed to pump water. However, a cistern is more reliable in areas that get enough rain. On the other hand, if the area is next to a major source of pollution, then it is not advisable to go for the cistern.
Additional details on the off grid water
Rainwater can be used for drinking, but it has to be handled carefully. This means that the roof should be made of either metal or clay. In case this is not possible, then a pre-filtering system will be required in case of the shingled roof.
There are situations whereby the off grid area is next to a natural flowing spring. One may have the option of waylaying and running it into the homestead. However, this approach may not be safe due to many pollutants on the ground. This will force one to opt for more conservative measures for safety.
What ought to be done
There is a high chance that off the grid water system may be slightly polluted. This may necessitate the need of water purification. They include filtration, sedimentation, disinfection, chlorine, flocculation and much more. In conclusion, it is important for one to ensure that his/her water supply is as safe as possible. However, in case of purification, safer measures need to be undertaken.